Coronavirus in children

1399/04/30 - 15:15 / 159

Coronavirus in children

Children can get coronavirus (COVID-19), but they seem to get it less often than adults and it's usually less serious. Based on available evidence, children do not appear to be at higher risk for COVID-19 than adults. While some children and infants have been sick with COVID-19, adults make up most of the known cases to date. Watch your child for any signs of COVID-19 illness. COVID-19 can look different in different people. For many people, being sick with COVID-19 would be a little bit like having the flu. People can get a fever, cough, or have a hard time taking deep breaths. Most people who have gotten COVID-19 have not gotten very sick. Only a small group of people who get it have had more serious problems. Children and babies will still get illnesses that can make them very unwell quickly.

It's important to get medical help if you need it. is under 3 months old and has a temperature of 38C or higher, or you think they have a fever is 3 to 6 months old and has a temperature of 39C or higher, or you think they have a fever has other signs of illness, such as a rash, as well as a high temperature (fever) has a high temperature that's lasted for 5 days or more does not want to eat, or is not their usual self and you're worried has a high temperature that does not come down with paracetamol is dehydrated – for example, nappies are not very wet, sunken eyes, and no tears when they're crying 

  • Watch your child for any signs of illness.
  • Watch for signs of stress in your child.
  • Teach and reinforce everyday preventive actions.
  • Help your child stay active.
  • Help your child stay socially connected.
  •  Help Stop the Spread of COVID-19 in Children




Tips to Protect Children During a COVID-19 Outbreak

Take steps to protect children and others

Help stop the spread of COVID-19 by doing the same things everyone should do to stay healthy. Teach your children to do the same.

· Clean hands often using soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

· Avoid people who are sick (coughing and sneezing).

· Put distance between your children and other people outside of your home. keep children at least 6 feet from other people. 

· Children 2 years and older should wear a cloth face covering  over their nose and mouth when in public settings where it’s difficult to practice social distancing. This is an additional public health measure people should take to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in addition to (not instead of) the other everyday preventive actions listed above.

· Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily in household common areas (like tables, hard-backed chairs, doorknobs, light switches, remotes, handles, desks, toilets, and sinks).

Launder items including washable plush toys as needed. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions. If possible, launder items using the warmest appropriate water setting  and dry items completely. Dirty laundry from an ill person can be washed with other people’s items

Symptoms of coronavirus in children

The main symptoms of coronavirus are:

· a high temperature

· a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot, for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours

· a loss or change to sense of smell or taste – this means they cannot smell or taste anything, or things smell or taste different to normal

What to do if your child has symptoms

If your child has any of the main symptoms of coronavirus:

1. Stay at home (self-isolate) – do not leave your home or have visitors. Anyone you live with, and anyone in your support bubble, must also self-isolate.

2. Get a test – get a test to check if you have coronavirus as soon as possible. Anyone you live with, and anyone in your support bubble, should also get a test if they have symptoms..

Limit time with other children

If children meet in groups, it can put everyone at risk. Children can pass this virus onto others who have  an increased risk of severe illness from COVID - 19.

Practice social distancing

The key to slowing the spread of COVID-19 is to limit contact as much as possible. While school is out, children should not have in-person playdates with children from other households. If children are playing outside their own homes, it is essential that they remain 6 feet from anyone who is not in their own household.

To help children maintain social connections while social distancing, help your children have supervised phone calls or video chats with their friends.

Clean hands often

Make sure children practice everyday preventive behaviors, such as washing their hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. This is especially important if you have been in a public place.

Change travel plans

Revise travel plans if they included non-essential travel.

Limit time with people at highest risk of severe illness from COVID-19

1. If others in your home have an  increased risk for severe illness from COVID - 19, consider extra precautions to separate your child from those people.

2. If you are unable to stay home with your child while school is out, carefully consider who might be best positioned to provide child care. If someone at higher risk for COVID-19 will be providing care (older adult, such as a grandparent or someone with a chronic medical condition), limit your children’s contact with other people.

3. Consider postponing visits or trips to see older family members and grandparents. Connect virtually or by writing letters and sending via mail.


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For Parents: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) associated with COVID-19

What we know about MIS-C

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS - C) is a condition where different body parts can become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. We do not yet know what causes MIS-C. However, we know that many children with MIS-C had the virus that causes COVID - 19, or had been around someone with COVID-19. MIS-C can be serious, even deadly, but most children who were diagnosed with this condition have gotten better with medical care.

What to do if you think your child is sick with MIS-C

Contact your child’s doctor, nurse, or clinic right away if your child is showing symptoms of MIS-C:


Abdominal pain



Neck pain


Bloodshot eyes

Feeling extra tired

Be aware that not all children will have all the same symptoms.

Seek emergency care right away if your child is showing any of these emergency warning signs of MIS-C or other concerning signs:

Trouble breathing

Pain or pressure in the chest that does not go away

New confusion

Inability to wake or stay awake

Bluish lips or face

Severe abdominal pain

How doctors will care for your child

Doctors may do certain tests to look for inflammation or other signs of disease. These tests might include:

Blood tests

Chest x-ray

Heart ultrasound (echocardiogram)

Abdominal ultrasound






Doctors may provide supportive care for symptoms (medicine and/or fluids to make your child feel better) and may use various medicines to treat inflammation. Most children who become ill with MIS-C will need to be treated in the hospital. Some will need to be treated in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU).

Parents or caregivers who have concerns about their child’s health, including concerns about COVID-19  or MIS-C,  should call a pediatrician or other healthcare provider immediately.

If your child’s healthcare provider tells you to go to the hospital for any health problem, including COVID-19

  • Ask the healthcare provider to let the hospital know you are coming and to share important information about caring for your child.
  • Visiting policies may have changed due to COVID-19. If your child’s hospital policy does not allow an adult to stay with a child, ask your child’s healthcare provider for a statement explaining your child’s need for a familiar adult to be present.
  • Bring your care plans/emergency notebook with you along with paper and pen to write down questions you have during your time at the hospital.

· If your child with special healthcare needs becomes sick with symptoms of COVID - 19, contact your child’s healthcare provider.

· Notify your child’s healthcare provider if someone else in your house becomes sick with COVID-19, so they can provide any advice specific for your child.



Prepared : Neshat Khosravi - Microbiologist

Refrence :


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